All you need to know about Magnesium supplements


Magnesium is a mineral that is essential for the proper functioning of the human body. It plays a crucial role in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body, including the regulation of muscle and nerve function, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure. Magnesium is also involved in the production of energy and the synthesis of DNA and protein. Despite its importance, many people do not consume enough magnesium in their diets. This is why magnesium supplements are becoming increasingly popular. In this article, we will discuss the different types of magnesium supplements, the benefits of magnesium, and the side effects of magnesium.

Types of Magnesium Supplements

Magnesium supplements are available in various forms, including magnesium oxide, magnesium citrate, magnesium glycinate, magnesium threonate, and magnesium chloride.

  1. Magnesium oxide: This is the most common type of magnesium supplement. It is inexpensive and contains a high percentage of elemental magnesium. However, it is poorly absorbed by the body, which means that you need to take a higher dose to get the same benefits as other types of magnesium.
  2. Magnesium citrate: This is a more easily absorbed form of magnesium. It is often used as a laxative because it can help to soften stools and make them easier to pass. However, it can also cause diarrhea in some people.
  3. Magnesium glycinate: This is a form of magnesium that is bound to glycine, an amino acid. It is easily absorbed by the body and is less likely to cause gastrointestinal side effects than other forms of magnesium. This makes it a good option for people with sensitive stomachs.
  4. Magnesium threonate: This is a newer form of magnesium that has been shown to be particularly effective at crossing the blood-brain barrier. This means that it can help to improve brain function and may be useful for conditions such as anxiety, depression, and dementia.
  5. Magnesium chloride: This is a form of magnesium that is absorbed through the skin. It is often used in topical products such as magnesium sprays, creams, and bath salts. It can be a good option for people who have difficulty swallowing pills or who want to target specific areas of the body.

Benefits of Magnesium

  1. Helps to reduce stress and anxiety: Magnesium plays a role in regulating the body’s stress response. It can help to reduce the levels of cortisol, a hormone that is released in response to stress. Studies have shown that magnesium supplementation can help to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.
  2. Improves sleep quality: Magnesium can help to improve sleep quality by regulating the production of melatonin, a hormone that is essential for sleep. It can also help to relax the muscles and reduce restless leg syndrome, which can improve sleep quality.
  3. Reduces inflammation: Magnesium has anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce inflammation in the body. Chronic inflammation has been linked to a wide range of health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
  4. Improves bone health: Magnesium is essential for bone health. It helps to regulate the levels of calcium and vitamin D in the body, both of which are essential for healthy bones. Studies have shown that magnesium supplementation can help to improve bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

Side Effects of Magnesium

While magnesium supplements are generally safe for most people, they can cause side effects in some individuals. The most common side effect is gastrointestinal discomfort, including diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps. This is more likely to occur with forms of magnesium that are poorly absorbed, such as magnesium oxide.

In rare cases, magnesium supplements can cause more serious side effects, such as an irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, and difficulty breathing. This is more likely to occur in people with pre-existing medical conditions